Water Wars

Design by Metropolitan Water District - H2Love campaign via bewaterwise.com

“Conservation must remain a way of life.” With words of caution, Gov. Jerry Brown officially declared April 7, 2017 the end of the record-breaking drought that has held California in a state of emergency for three years.

Executive Order B-40-17 effectively lifts the accompanying conservation regulations by rescinding Brown’s January 17, 2014 Emergency Proclamation and April 25, 2014 Proclamation of Continued State of Emergency, along with Executive Orders B-26-14, B-28-14, B-29-15 and B-36-15.

Guidelines from Executive Order B-37-16 remain in effect with updates outlined in B-40-17 establishing that “permanent restrictions shall prohibit wasteful practices such as:

  • Hosing off sidewalks, driveways and other hardscapes;
  • Washing automobiles with hoses not equipped with a shut-off nozzle;
  • Using non-recirculated water in a fountain or other decorative water feature;
  • Watering lawns in a manner that causes runoff, or within 48 hours after measurable precipitation; and
  • Irrigating ornamental turf on public street medians.”

The following week, April 13, Brown met with Ryan Zinke, Secretary of Interior in the Trump Administration, to discuss California projects managed by his agencies. Zinke and Brown discussed topics concerning parks, public lands and water infrastructure, including proposals for the California Water Fix Project currently under federal review by the Bureau of Reclamation.

In the late 1960s and early 1970s the 32nd Governor of California, Edmund Gerald “Pat” Brown, successfully supported the State Water Project and the Central Valley Project.

SWP (left) – Click to enlarge – CVP (right)
Maps by Shannon via Creative Commons

The SWP diverts waters that feed the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta through 34 storage facilities, 24 pumping plants, 5 hydroelectric power plants, and roughly 700 miles of open canals and pipelines to supply 29 water contractors in southern California and the central valley.

Features of the SWP include the tallest dam in the United States, which recently made national headlines in Oroville when the spillway collapsed under flood conditions forcing the evacuation of roughly 200,000 residents. Three local environmental groups submitted a motion to the FERC in October 2005 claiming that the spillway to the dam built in 1968 did not meet modern safety standards. The request called for reinforcement of the emergency spillway to prevent collapse in extreme flood conditions that could overwhelm the main spillway and corrode the emergency runoff chute. The upgrades were deemed unnecessary by the Department of Water Resources and the water contractors that would have to front the bill for repairs to SWP infrastructure. After the February 2017 disaster, the Trump Administration approved federal relief funding for emergency response services and damages to the dam.

The CVP diverts waters that feed the Delta through 22 reservoirs and 11 power plants over a 450 mile stretch to supply roughly 250 water contractors from Lake Shasta to Bakersfield.

Majority shares of SWP and CVP water supplies are delegated to six major consumers–

  • Metropolitan Water District of Southern California
  • Westlands Water District
  • Kern County Water Agency
  • Santa Clara Valley Water District
  • San Joaquin River Exchange Contractors Water Authority
  • San Luis and Delta-Mendota Water Authority

Pat Brown’s son, Edmund Gerald “Jerry” Brown, served as the 34th Governor of California from 1975 to 1983. Jerry Brown supported the Peripheral Canal Project, proposing an additional canal diverting waters from the Delta into the existing Central Valley Project for exportation to southern California. The Peripheral Canal project was defeated on the 1982 ballot, but when Jerry Brown returned in 2011 to serve as the 39th Governor of California, he put his support behind the Water Fix Project, proposing new twin tunnels beneath the nexus of the delta.

Water fix project (click to enlarge)
Map by California National Resources Agency

In 2014, after multiple rounds of revision, renaming, and voter disapproval of what is now known as the Water Fix Project, the state proposed that funding would come primarily from bonds issued to water contractors, to be repaid by revenue from project resources.

General obligation and revenue bonds issued by the state accounted for 78 percent of construction costs for the SWP, paid with interest by the water contractors. Remaining costs were covered by federal obligations, state appropriations, and miscellaneous private sources with invested interests. The SWP remains the largest state-built water project in the country, but the project is also one of the state’s largest electrical consumers, requiring twice as much energy to operate as it generates in hydroelectric plants.

The CVP cost our federal government $3.6 billion to construct, with repayment contracts issued to project beneficiaries expected to cover a third of the cost over a 40-year period. The CVP remains the largest water project operated by the US Bureau of Reclamation, but after 40 years the cost of operations far exceeded contract repayments for most CVP contractors, leaving taxpayers responsible for the national debt accumulated in unpaid federal bonds and negative revenue.

California Proposition 53, defeated on the 2016 ballot, would have required voter approval for state-issued revenue bonds over $2 million. With this proposition out of the way, voter approval will not be required to move forward with the Water-Fix project.

A change petition was filed in August 2015 as part of the Water Fix project, the State Water Resources Control Board commenced with hearings in July 2016. With the project still pending federal approval as of April 2017, Jerry Brown met with the Secretary of Interior in an administration that has already gained notoriety for expediting environmental reviews of infrastructure projects like the Dakota Access Pipeline.

As California residents rejoice the end of a prolonged drought and celebrate the wettest year on record, Jerry Brown stresses the necessity of continued conservation habits. Meanwhile, Brown side-steps voters to secure cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation in final approvals for highly controversial water infrastructure projects that threaten an already depleted delta. We’re told that this costly project will be funded by the water contractors, not taxpayers, just months after Brown begged for federal relief funds to cover repairs to existing infrastructures that would be expanded by the new project.

Poster design by Diener-Hauser, art by Jim Pearsall

The 1974 neo-noir film “Chinatown” dramatizes events surrounding the early 20th century construction of a 230-mile aqueduct diverting water from the Owens River to Los Angeles. The budding city of LA quickly depleted water supply in Owen’s Valley, devastating local wildlife and agriculture, draining Owen’s Lake and creating the largest single source of dust pollution in the United States. As demand continued to grow and supply ran completely dry, a second aqueduct was constructed just north of Owen’s Valley to divert water from Mono Lake into the existing channels.

The ensuing conflicts over these aqueducts and control of the state’s resources became known as the California Water Wars, but this socio-political-economic power struggle took on many names as it expanded into the 21st century.

As the California bureaucracy continues draining northern resources to sustain the southern desert metropolis, support for the State of Jefferson grows in rural northern counties, with campaign signs supporting secession growing increasingly popular as far south as the bay area.

Here and now, the state’s natural resources are still rapidly dwindling, in large part due to the water projects enacted by Gov. Pat Brown. Water regulations proposed by the current Brown Administration are all too familiar and anything but conservative, with an air of nepotism that casts suspicion on the Brown family’s long political history in water dealings.


Doomsday Clock

Bulletin of Atomic Scientists (left) Doomsday Clock (right) Watchmen 2009 Film

It is two and a half minutes to midnight, and the lines between fact and fiction are growing increasingly irrelevant. As the “real news” reports the latest in “alternative facts” our country is overwhelmed with an odd sense of déjà vu, like we’ve been here before but forgot to take notes. All those years preaching those who do not remember the past are condemned to repeat it and look where it has gotten us:


Following the virally infamous Kellyanne Conway interview on January 22nd, our country appears condemned to repeat High School English while we’re at it. Sales of George Orwell’s iconic novel “1984” skyrocketed to the top of the charts, with hopes that “It Can’t Happen Here” putting Sinclair Lewis’ satirical tale closely in the running, and Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” coming up fast.

Margaret Atwood’s dystopian moral “better never means better for everyone… it always means worse, for some” makes her novel “A Handmaid’s Tale” a favorite of recent protests, particularly the January 21st Women’s March, as the near future of 1985 approaches once more.

Save us Supergirl!

As citizens across the country discover the lessons of classic literature that they were too wrapped up in teenage angst to appreciate before it was too late, others…

tick-tock. tick. tock. tick…


Written by Alan Moore
Illustrated by Dave Gibbons colored by John Higgins
You won’t be seeing “Watchmen” on any school reading or viewing lists, but as three stuffy old men from the Bulletin of the Atomic Sciences advance a very real doomsday clock, this motif draws chilling parallels.

“Watchmen” is a graphic novel in twelve parts, one for each hour on the clock, ticking one minute closer to midnight with each issue, counting down to global catastrophe in the final chapter.


“Who Watches the Watchmen?” Not Alan Moore. To him, I do apologize, for I must talk about the film. The graphic novel writer’s name was stricken from the movie credits, and at his own request, his share of the profits went to illustrator Dave Gibbons, who worked closely with the production of the adaptation.


As the character Dr. Manhattan crafts his clockwork-world on the sands of Mars pondering the nature of reality and the importance of this clock motif… the world of “Watchmen” was made by Alan Moore. A purist with a deep respect for the medium, he scripted his stories to showcase the full range of what comics could do–

if we only see comics in relation to movies then the best that they will ever be is films that do not move

“Watchmen” is told as a collection of character accounts deconstructing the super hero, and similarly, deconstructing the super hero comic. While remarkably true to the source for material considered for many years to be unfilmable… “Watchmen” is a comic about comics as much if not more than it is a comic about super heroes, and a film about comics just doesn’t capture the same effect on that front.


The graphic novels open with full page prose excerpts from Hollis Mason’s autobiography “Under the Hood” detailing his masked adventures as Night Owl, and the events surrounding the formation of the Minutemen. Under the Hood was adapted as a special feature for the Ultimate Cut of the film, directed by Eric Matthies with a screenplay by Hans Rodionoff

“Tales of the Black Freighter” is a comic within the Watchmen comic universe named in homage to the song “Seeräuber Jenny” from Brecht’s “Threepenny Opera” which tells of a ship by that name. Read by a teenage boy at a news-stand, the pirates tale Marooned parallels elements of the “Watchmen” story, serving as foil to the main plot, and to the structural commentary.

Directed by Daniel Delpurgatorio and Mike Smith, with a screenplay by Alex Tse and Zack Snyder, Tales of the Black Freighter was adapted as animated segues to preserve the meta-context. These shorts did not make the theatrical cut of the film, but edited in to the Ultimate Cut, their presence ties together a collection of stories, transitioning between the elements with a smooth sailing grace that now feels oddly disjointed in their absence.

One element of frame narrative did remain prominently featured in all versions of the adaptation– Rorschach’s entries to his journal served as voice-over narrations throughout the plot of the film, culminating in the public release of this information when this journal is sent to the press, establishing the journal as a sort of self-insert for the screenplay.

Added material completes the “Ultimate Watchmen” package with a run-time of 215 minutes. Clocking in at 7 minutes longer than Peter Jackson’s Extended Cut for “The Fellowship of the Ring” many viewers argue that vaguely metaphorical cartoon tangents interjected between key plot points pulls them out of a monotony already droning on for far too long…

Yes, of course, the whole idea is utterly inane, but to let its predictable inanities blind you to its truly fabulous and breathtaking aspects is to do both oneself and the genre a disservice.

– Alan Moore on suspension of disbelief within comic context

Others counter that these seemingly extraneous details serve as easter-eggs for dedicated fans to decipher and discuss, offering a profound respect for the source material, which is essential in maintaining a pre-existing fandom. Use of motion comic animation went one step further in preserving the source medium, but even still, this is child’s play compared to Alan Moore’s mastery of comic form.


Chapter V: Fearful Symmetry

The reasons for these eccentricities are obscure, complex, and probably not terribly interesting to anyone not utterly infatuated with comics as a medium

– from the Introduction to the Saga of the Swamp Thing by Alan Moore

Your average super hero, the run of the mill picture of perfection fighting for truth, justice and the American way, often comes packaged in a stylish and remarkably durable spandex super jumpsuit. The Klark Kents and Peter Parkers of the comic world may pass as any other mundane photojournalist, but their super-powered alter egos are instantly recognizable by their bright, primary color schemes. DC comic’s iconic Superman sports a blue suit with red cape and gold accents. Marvel comic’s rendition of the demi-god Thor is similarly decked in blue tinted armor, a billowy red cape, and gold blingage.

Villains, on the other hand, are generally associated with secondary colors, green being the most common as we are familiar with classic horror tropes like witches and Frankenstein’s monster. For characters like Spiderman’s notorious villain Green Goblin, this color runs skin deep, and the purple accessories simply make for a complimentary aesthetic. Others, like Batman’s nemesis The Joker, choose their colors for themselves in snazzy purple suit jackets and OG neon green hair gel.

An exception to the standard, super scientist Bruce Banner is heralded as an iconic Marvel hero, but turns a smashing shade of radioactive green when his alter ego the Incredible Hulk takes control. The Hulk’s rapidly expanding size shreds his human-sized clothing with every fit of rage, but his conveniently purple pants never fail, leaving this color association as a manifestation of the Hulk’s destructive nature.

Featuring bold yellow and black titling on its cover, “Watchmen” blends right in with this pattern. In typical Hollywood fashion, the yellow smiley face accented with a splash of blood red, often spotted throughout the comics subtly discarded amidst carefully scripted details… became a merchandising goldmine, featured on movie posters, DVD jackets, and Hot Topic fitted t-shirts. Yellow and black, accented in red, became the primary color scheme of the film.

John Higgins colorized “Watchmen” mainly in secondary colors green, purple, orange, reserving primary colors to highlight key elements.

John leaned very heavily toward, as you say, the secondary palette… it was the same range of colors you’d always been able to use in American comics, but it was colors that hadn’t been widely used before. I think it added a lot to the atmosphere of the comic book…it reads less obviously as superheroes

– Dave Gibbons

These off the beaten scheme colors created a sense of ambiguity in the twisted morality of this dark and gritty take on real world super heroes. Dr. Manhatten floating naked and blue is a poignant contrast to the barren pink surface of Mars, and to the secondary palette back on his Earth, where this dissonance serves to inspire fear in the inferior human race.

In an effort to bring a sense of realism to comic adaptations, Hollywood has a tendency toward muting the colors when adapting iconic costumed heroes for screen. An all powerful naked blue man is believable enough, but apparently, the colorfully costumed Crimebusters was taking it too far.


Ozymandias, named for the King of Kings from Percy Bysshe Shelley’s famous poem, decks himself out in gold plate draped in purple robes with matching cape and boots. Often associated with regality, Adrian Veidt’s purple and gold wardrobe is befitting for the stature of his namesake, his wealth, and his power. Fated by the poem, and parallels to a plethora of purple-clad comic villains, Ozymandias serves as example of the inevitable futility of empire. Modeled as a parody of the 1997 Batsuit, the film’s rubbery black body armor, is super generic, and offers little insight to the character behind the mask, though it does sculpt some godly ab and thigh muscles.

Night Owl trades in a red hood, matching undies, and gold utility belt, for a form-fitted brown leather body suit. Rorschach sports the same black and white mask with a brown trench coat, but his purple scarf and pants are muted beyond recognition. While toning down their color, the film amped up the violence, adding back alley showdowns with gratuitous thugs, and gory bloodbath hatchet jobs. Its dark and gritty, we get it, but when the countdown to catastrophe finally strikes midnight, we’re almost entirely desensitized to the horrors of the disaster that ensues, while the comics remain remarkably void of violence to accentuate its prevalence in the final chapter.


The Comedian keeps his blue starred red and white striped shoulder pads, but most prominently of all, Silk Spectre stands out in skimpy black and yellow, and Dr Manhattan shines a nearly blinding blue. These primary colors shine bright and bold in the feature film, but the secondary colors remain only as a muted memory of super heroes past. When flashbacks of the Minutemen weren’t seen in black and white or sepia tone, they did provide a glimpse at some of the classic costumes, colors and all.


There is nothing wrong with your television set


This scene towards the end of the film references a reference to the in-universe source of the villainous scheme and twist ending, but while the comics openly pay homage to the 1963 episode “The Architects of Fear” with direct mention of the title, The Outer Limits opening sequence would suffice for the film, similarly overheard playing on Ms. Jupiter’s television.

Around issue 10, I came across a guide to cult television. There was an Outer Limits episode called ”The Architects of Fear.” I thought: ”Wow. That’s a bit close to our story.’ In the last issue, we have a TV promoting that Outer Limits episode — a belated nod.

—Alan Moore (Entertainment Weekly, 2009)


I kept telling him, ‘Be more original, Alan, you’ve got the capability, do something different, not something that’s already been done!’ And he didn’t seem to care enough to do that.

—Len Wein (Wizard, 2004)

Published in 1959, Tales of Suspense #2 leads with an uncredited story “Invasion From Outer Space” that ends with a similarly familiar reveal. Generally attributed to Jack Kirby, as evidenced by his signature usage of ellipses… its hard to say exactly where Alan Moore first conceptualized the idea, but this dispute would be the straw that breaks the editors back for Len Wein, who left the project due to irreconcilable creative differences.













Freedom’s Call

Via Barack Obama - 2011 White House Correspondents Dinner

“The free press is central to our democracy and– nah, I’m just kidding!
You know I’m going to talk about Trump. Come on.”

“Although, I am a little hurt that he’s not here tonight.”
Is this blog too tacky for the Donald? What could he possibly be doing instead?

1. Apple (aapl, -0.20%) $600,000 to $1.251 million
2. Microsoft (msft, -0.13%): $300,000 to $600,000
3. PepsiCo (pep, -0.37%) $150,000 to $350,000
4. J.P. Morgan Chase (jpm, -0.76%) : $100,000 to $251,000
5. McKesson (mck, -1.64%): $100,000 to $250,000
6. Nike (nke, -0.64%) : $100,000 to $250,000
7. Johnson and Johnson (jnj, -0.44%) : $100,000 to $250,000
8. General Electric (ge, +0.13%) : $100,000 to $250,000
9. Visa (v, +0.17%): $100,000 to $251,000
10. Gilead Sciences (gild, -0.86%) : $100,000 to $250,000
11. Celgene (celg, -1.39%) : $100,000 to $250,000
12. Phillips 66 (psx, -1.36%) : $100,000 $250,000
13. Caterpillar (cat, +0.05%) : $100,000 to $250,000
14. Alphabet (googl, -0.56%) : $100,000 to $200,000
Despite the candidate’s love of all things gold— The Donald has a relatively small holding in bullion: about $100,000 to $250,000

“I don’t want to spend too much time on The Donald.
Because I think we can all agree that from the start he’s gotten the appropriate amount of coverage befitting the seriousness of his candidacy.”


“I hope you all are proud of yourselves. The guy wanted to give his hotel business a boost and now we are praying that America makes it through July.”


Zu-Zu out~~


America will start winning again, winning like never before
– Donald Trump Inauguration



Local Heroes: Youth4Change and the Kelly LaRocca Foundation

From one truly remarkable foundation to another, these folk right here are the beacons that guide our community to greatness.

In memory of the beautiful life of Kelly LaRocca, this local family has turned a heart-wrenching tragedy into a helping hand. Through this domestic non-profit, Kelly LaRocca has become a local hero, reaching out to mother’s struggling with substance abuse.

kelly larocca

Kelly LaRocca “Our Fun Loving Spirit” May 12, 1974 – Jan 5, 2012

With the foundation’s annual softball tournaments and fundraisers headlined by the family band, local music stars Dylan’s Dharma, Kelly LaRocca is a beloved name in our community forever memorialized in charitable acts like we see here today.

And the lovin’ keeps on comin’ as this generous donation, and ridiculously large check, passes into the care of Youth4Change, a non-profit public benefit organization providing support, education, and rehabilitation services for California youths.

6th st.jpg
At their 6th Street center in the heart of Chico, Youth4Change opens their doors from 10:30am to 6:30pm Monday-Friday to youths aged 14 to 24, providing daily meals, weekly food bags, clothing and personal hygiene products, counseling, and comprehensive services for continuing education, seeking employment, housing placement, and crisis intervention.

Dropping-In at Youth4Change, I am reminded of the every day heroes that walk our streets. Here’s one’s for the front page folks, this Daily Star reporter has found her supers, not all of whom wear capes:


Zu-Zu Lee wishing for world peace and nice crispy bacon with Santa Claus and the Holiday Hammer-Head at the 6th St center Youth4Change annual winter bash